Reintegration remained an important issue. On 28 November 2002, Kieran Prendergast, Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, informed the Security Council that progress in the peace process in Bougainville, Papua New Guinea, since last August had suffered setbacks. „Reconciliation and integration of veterans remains the top priorities for long-term peace, and therefore urgent action is needed on the early reintegration and engagement of veterans.“ 1 It aims to promote the objectives of Burnham peace, lincoln and ceasefire agreements, as well as other agreements and agreements between the parties. A peace agreement was reached in 2001, which led to a roadmap for the creation of an autonomous government in Bougainville (ABG).  But Ona refused to participate in the peace process and withdrew from the BRA with a small minority of combatants.  Throughout the decade, he continued to oppose the opening to participate in the new government, occupying an area around the mine that remained a no-go zone, and proclaiming himself the „king“ of Bougainville before dying of malaria in 2005.   Elections were held in May and June 2005 for the first ABG in which Joseph Kabui was elected president.  In 2008, the Bougainville Autonomous Government, under the chairmanship of Joseph Kabui, entered into a historic agreement with the Bougainville Resources Development Corporation (AROB) Ltd (BRDC) which, through a commercial agreement with BRDC, granted the exclusive right to act with resource owners in Bougainville outside the Panguna region. This will apply for a three-year period for mining exploration and development, with the option extended to five years. To preserve its rights, BRDC will pay an annual contractual licence fee of $US 5 million (K14.2 million K14.2 million) to ABG and implement an exploration program of $US 35 million (K99.8 million) in the first three years.“ 1 301. Governments may jointly defer technical reviews or include the issues they are dealing with as part of the general review. b) When amendments to the National Constitution are available for certification for the implementation of the comprehensive agreement, the weapons will be kept in containers under UNMB control and secured by two locks – with one key held by the competent commander and the other by UNOMB – until a final decision is made on the final fate of the weapons.
This agreement is implemented through consultation and cooperation and forms the basis for the development of constitutional amendments and other laws to give effect to this agreement. The impetus for peace was the election of Prime Minister Bill Skate, who had previously spoken out against a military solution. In mid-1997, talks were held in Honiara and Burnham in New Zealand, culminating in a ceasefire and a demilitarization agreement. An Unarmed Affairs Monitoring Group (TMG) led by New Zealand, supported by Australia, Fiji and Vanuatu, was subsequently set up.  Since then, a ceasefire has largely been maintained on the island. Kauona and Kabui held peace talks with the Skate government in Christchurch, New Zealand, culminating in the signing of the Lincoln Agreement in January 1998.  In accordance with the agreement, PNG began to withdraw its soldiers from the island and measures were taken to disarm the BRA and the BRF, while a multinational peace monitoring group (PMG) was set up under the leadership of Australia and replaced TMG.