Germany Was Split Into Two Zones By Which Agreement

Given that the influx of large numbers of Germans to Germany would increase the already existing burden on the occupying authorities, she believes that the Allied Control Council in Germany should examine the problem in the first place, paying particular attention to the question of the equitable distribution of these Germans between the different areas of occupation. They therefore call on their respective representatives in the Control Council to report to their governments as soon as possible to what extent these persons have already entered Germany from Poland, Czechoslovakia and Hungary, and to provide, given the current situation in Germany, an estimate of when and at which the pace of further transfers could be made. The Czechoslovakian government, the Polish provisional government and the Supervisory Board in Hungary are informed simultaneously and are now asked to suspend further expulsions until the governments concerned have reviewed the report of their representatives to the supervisory board. To improve international détente, the national ideal re-emerged in the 1980s, both in the FRG and in the GDR. The development of trade and cultural relations between the two Germanys has helped to strengthen the sense of belonging to a single nation. In the FRG, some intellectuals began to allude to the image of a reunified Germany in the centre of Europe, which could serve as a bridge between East and West. On 15 March 1984, Chancellor Kohl acknowledged this aspiration for unity and the need to find a solution. Later, however, he said that Germany should remain in the Atlantic camp, the guarantor of democracy. He condemned anti-Western neutralism. The GDR believed that reunification would take place if socialism had triumphed in West Germany. In these circumstances, the Government of West Germany was also forced to normalize relations with the East, no longer aspire to reunification that would benefit the FRG, but to accept the partition of Germany and establish normal relations with the GDR. Hence the Eastern policy developed by the Social Democrat Willy Brandt, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Vice-Chancellor from 1966 and Chancellor from 1969 to 1974.

The Eastern policy, which ended Hallstein`s doctrine, which advocated the breakdown of the FRG`s diplomatic relations with any country that recognized the GDR, was first aimed at calming the FRG`s relations with Eastern Europe and the USSR, and then in seeking a rapprochement with the communist bloc. Although Ostpolitik was highly controversial in West Germany, particularly among the Christian Democrats, the Brandt government signed the Moscow Treaty with the Soviets on 12 August 1970, which confirmed the abandonment of violence and the inviolability of borders; In December 1970, it signed the Treaty of Warsaw with the Poles, de facto recognizing the line of neisse imposed by Stalin for the good of Poland and at the expense of the German peoples expelled from Silesia, Pomerania and East Prussia.